The overview, «LIQUID ENERGY GELS in Comparison».
SPONSER® LIQUID ENERGY gels stand for highest energy density with optimum tolerability. The liquid energy concentrate contains easily digestible carbohydrates as well as sodium. It is perfectly suitable for endurance athletes who are reliant on a constant energy supply. As highly concentrated energy source, the gels are ideally used before or during training/competition. Available in resealable tubes or as single portion sachets. Depending on energy needs, the gels should be used in combination with approx. 200 ml water or of a sports drink. SPONSER offers the gels in different compositions* and flavours, all of them are without preservatives.
LIQUID ENERGY PURE
High-quality carbohydrate formulation coming in a resealable tube. Flavour: neutral (unflavoured)
LIQUID ENERGY PLUS
High-quality carbohydrate formulation enriched with 25 mg caffeine and taurine** for an extra boost. Available as resealable tube or single portion sachet. Flavour: neutral (unflavoured) or NEW Cola-Lemon
LIQUID ENERGY BCAA
High-quality carbohydrate formulation enriched with BCAA to protect the muscles during long-lasting physical performances. Available as resealable tube. Flavour: Strawberry-Banana
LIQUID ENERGY SALTY
High-quality carbohydrate formulation enriched with additional sodium as well as slowly available carbohydrates. Ideally used for long-distance events, in hot weather conditions or as alternative to sweet-tasting gels. Available as single portion sachet. Flavour: neutral-salty (unflavoured)
LIQUID ENERGY ULTRA
High-quality carbohydrate formulation plus additional energy from fat/MCT as well as slowly available carbohydrates. It is also enriched with beta-glucans. Ideally used for long- and ultra distances. Available as single portion sachet. Flavour: Coconut-Macadamia
**only neutral contains taurine
Energy supply during endurance competitions
Energy supply during endurance competitions
Central performance factor
The longer a competition or training unit lasts, the more decisive the energy supply becomes. Even the best engine stops when the tank is empty!
Carbohydrates & Fat
Basically, the body has two main energy sources: carbohydrates and lipids. While body fat, even in the best-trained professional athletes, still amounts to several kilograms and thus represents a high energy reserve, the storage capacity for carbohydrates is limited. These are temporarily stored as so-called glycogen in the muscles and liver. Studies show that for most athletes these maximum carbohydrate reserves in muscle and liver (glycogen stores) are in the range of only approx. 500g glycogen. However, each gram means an about three times higher, temporary body weight gain, as glycogen is stored in the body under water retention.
Trained athletes metabolise fatty acids efficiently in low intensity ranges for energy use. However, lipid oxidation becomes increasingly difficult at higher intensities. The higher the intensity, the greater the proportion of carbohydrates in the energy metabolism. During peak power, the body almost exclusively burns carbohydrates, as these can be converted into energy more easily than fatty acids and require less oxygen.
Limited energy intake
Even with full glycogen stores its energy content is burnt about 90 minutes into competition, often earlier. In order to maintain performance, a targeted and needs-based carbohydrate supply is therefore crucial for activities lasting more than 90 minutes. The limiting factor, however, is that carbohydrates cannot be absorbed or metabolized in any quantity per time unit. Depending on the type of sport and the physiological conditions of the athlete, it is assumed that the absorption capacity is usually between 60-90 g carbohydrates per hour. This also depends to a large extent on individual and situational tolerance, as the absolute metabolic rate of carbohydrates can be quite higher at up to 120 g per hour. When cycling, for example, energy absorption and digestion are easier than when running, where the constant shocks cause a higher gastrointestinal stress. Nevertheless, practical findings from top-level sport suggest that the absorption capacity of carbohydrates can be trained under stress.
From an energetic point of view, it is basically irrelevant where the ingested carbohydrates come from.
«Sport drinks» provide well-tolerated carbohydrates, and no chewing is hindering breathing.
Advantage: Easy handling, "All in one" (CHO, electrolytes, fluid)
«Gels» provide quickly available carbohydrates, without chewing and with low intake volume. Fluid should/must be provided separately.
Advantage: Practical handling, energy intake is independent of fluid ingestion
«Energy bars» provide fast and slow-available carbohydrates. They are particularly recommended for extended durations/distances, especially at slightly lower intensities.
Advantage: beneficial for gastrointestinal function
In practice, athletes mainly use drinks and gels for shorter endurance activities, while for longer strains (bike marathon, Ironman etc.) the proportion of solid food is becoming increasingly important.
At competition loads from 90min on, an optimal carbohydrate supply is crucial for performance. However, the intake should be initiated earlier on. For optimal performance we recommend dosages of 60-80 g carbohydrates per hour. Pay attention to a regular energy supply, and also orientate your fluid intake according to your thirst feeling. Sport drinks, gels and energy bars are proven carbohydrate sources, which are often used in combination depending on duration, intensity and personal preferences. The higher the intensity and the longer the activity, the more important is their gastrointestinal tolerance. The intended competition food and carbohydrate intake should be tested in advance during training and, where possible, further optimized. Please read also the related articles below, especially ELECTROLYTES and FLUID REPLACEMENT. Wherever the carbohydrate stores lead to a limitation of performance over time, also fat metabolism (lipid oxidation) should be specifically trained.
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LIQUID ENERGY GELS
Benefit and application
LIQUID ENERGY GELS stand for high energy density with optimal compatibility. This highly concentrated energy in liquid form is ideal for workouts in which breathing and athletic performance must not be compromised by chewing or digestion. LIQUID ENERGY GELS are available as resealable tubes or sachets and can be used right before a workout or during high intensity activities. SPONSER® offers many different varieties which can easily be combined.16. 04. 2020
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Three key factors for maximum performance in a triathlon long distance race
Electrolytes influence the transport of nutrients and their end products into and out of the cell. They stabilise the pH value, influence the heart and muscle functions and improve the heat tolerance as well as the performance capacity. Sodium is a key element in the transport of liquid and is mainly lost by sweating. The sodium loss is individual for every athlete and can vary within a range of 400–1600 mg per liter of sweat. In case of high level performance and of heat, a targeted electrolyte loading is recommended during the preparation phase already. Activities in the heat or longer than 2–3 hours require a targeted sodium, respectively electrolyte supply.
If a dehydration is not compensated, serious consequences will occur:
• stomach problems
• lower effort tolerance
• increase heart rate
• disturbed heat regulation
• decreased mental function
• negative influence on motor functions
• increased risks of spasms
Carbohydrates are one of the most important sources of energy in endurance sport. A targeted carbohydrate intake is essential for activities lasting more than 90 minutes in order to maintain the performance level. Sport drinks, gels and bars are confirmed carbohydrate sources. They are often used in combination depending on duration, intensity and personal preferences. The higher the intensity and the longer the activity, the more crucial is their digestibility.
• Sports drinks deliver well tolerated, easily digestible carbohydrates enriched with electrolytes.
• Gels provide quickly available carbohydrates.
• Bars support the function of the gastrointestinal tract and are best suited for lower intensities and longer distances.
Pay attention to regular energy supply. For optimal performances we recommend dosages of 60–80 g carbohydrates per hour.10. 10. 2019
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