Introduction to sports nutrition in speed strength/explosivity
High-speed strength refers to the ability of the neuromuscular system to exert a maximal amount of momentum or force within a given time, for example, in javelin. In contrast, explosive force is the ability to perform a movement within the shortest possible time interval (as in the martial arts). Strength is further distinguished between acyclic, single (martial arts, ball or throwing games) movements and ones that are cyclic and repetitive as in the case of sprints or short course swimming. Many sports such as long jump, high jump or hurdle race rely on the combination of both acyclic and cyclic movements.
Nutrition and training techniques for sports that depend on high-speed strength, focus mainly on increasing specific strength and muscle mass as well as cognitive performance (concentration, quick reflexes, alertness and precision). Technical skills are of key importance for training, whereas recovery strongly depends on nutrition.